Not long ago, on the Facebook page of an acquaintance, a discussion was brewing about the Pope having the audacity to say Donald Trump was not a Christian.
I don’t consider myself any sort of theology expert. I’ve even been rumored to have nodded off in the middle of a sermon or two, and am not even guaranteed to come to the same conclusions as our pastor when reading any particular passage. On each of the few occasions I actually tried reading the Bible cover-to-cover, I was becalmed in one of the begat sections.
Although I’m not a Catholic, I have been impressed with the latest Pope; he didn’t just memorize verses, he actually seems to understand a Biblical concept or two. In fact, he is so different in my view from his predecessors that I’m amazed he was actually elected (maybe it was Divine Intervention).
The point is you shouldn’t take my word for any of this. Maybe you should just read the Book. I’ll give references when I can. But just beware the begats.
The way I understand it, the Bible has two parts; the first, called “The Old Testament” could be considered the prequel. It includes the Jewish (who would prefer not to be called Christian) Torah, their most important text, and spans the period from the creation of the universe (now referred to as the “Big Bang”) up to, but not including the birth of Christ (from which the word “Christian” is derived), a.k.a. Jesus, a.k.a. all kinds of other titles. The New Testament is His story.
The Ten Commandments are in the Torah and therefore are in the Old Testament (Exodus 20:1–17D and then again in Deuteronomy 5:4–21D). “An eye for an eye” has an even longer history. According to Wikipedia, the principle of “an eye for an eye” goes back to Babylonian LawA, where it was actually an attempt to limit any retaliation so that it wasn’t worse than the original offense. In English, that means it represents the maximum allowed punishment, not the minimum required punishment (although that interpretation does not seem apparent to me in the language of the Bible). The rule is repeated three times in the Old Testament (Exodus 21:24D, Leviticus 24:20D, Deuteronomy 19:21D).
As I hinted before, the Old Testament does not define Christianity. Christ (also known as Jesus) defines Christianity. The Old Testament repeats principles that are shared with half of the (non-Christian) population of the middle east. But we are in luck; Jesus did specifically address the “eye for an eye” idea. In Matthew 5:38 through 42, He clearly states
“38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39 But I tell you not to resist an evildoer. On the contrary, whoever slaps you on the right cheek, turn the other to him as well. 40 If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat as well. 41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go two with him. 42 Give to the person who asks you for something, and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you.”
(Is this where the Pope got his Communist streakA?)
But What Did Allah Say?
Since the “eye for an eye” idea seemed to be so pervasive, I decided to check one more reference: the Quran. As far as I can tell, it is only mentioned once:
“And We wrote for them in it: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and an equal wound for a wound; but whoever forgoes it in charity, it will serve as atonement for him. Those who do not rule according to what God revealed are the evildoers.”
I think this mirrors the sentiments of Jesus. While doing research, I found another interesting story that may support this view:
“A man came to the Messenger of Allah with the killer of his relative.
The Prophet said: Pardon him.
But the man refused.
The Prophet said: Take the blood money.
But the man refused.
The Prophet said: Go and kill him, for you are like him.
So the man pardoned the criminal.”
You can’t have your cake and eat it too. If you are not going to follow the teachings of Jesus (the Communist), then you can’t continue to call yourself a Christian.
Sometimes I come away from an issue with more questions than answers. In this case I’m wondering what Mr. Trump is really trying to say:
Is he, like the Babylonians, citing this rule as an upper limit on our retaliation? And recognizing that since September 11, 2001 we have killed far more Muslims (over 100,000 in Iraq alone) than we lost in those terrorist attacks (under 3,000) and the Iraq war (around 4,400) combined, is he suggesting we should end our war on terror?
Is the real reason he wants to bar Muslims from coming to America is that they make him look barbaric?
By quoting the Quran, I am not endorsing Islam; nor do I have any intention of converting to Islam. For many of you “Christians”, however, it sounds like it might be a step up.